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Archaeological Survey of India, 1955-present, Indian Archaeology, a Review. This annual report of work carried out by the ASI includes brief notes on clearance and conservation at Hampi.

Devakunjari, D., B. Narasimhaiah, 2007, Hampi, Archaeological Survey of India, New Delhi. Revision of one of the most thorough guidebooks to the site; with colour illustrations.

Devaraj, D. and Channabasappa S. Patil, editors, 1984 to 1991, Vijayanagara: Progress of Research, Directorate of Archaeology and Museums, Mysore. A series of reports presenting new discoveries at the site.

Eaton, Richard M. and Phillip B. Wagoner, 2014, Power, Memory, Architecture: Contested Sites on India’s Deccan Plateau, 1300-1600, Oxford University Press, New Delhi.

Filliozat, Pierre-Sylvain and Vasundhara Filliozat, 1988, Hampi-Vijayanagar, The Temple of Vithala, Sitaram Bhartia Institute of Scientific Research, New Delhi. A full description of the Vitthala Temple in the sacred centre accompanied by excellent measured drawings.
Filliozat, Vasundhara, editor, 1999, Vijayanagara, As Seen by Domingo Paes and Fernao Nuniz (16[th] Century Portuguese Chroniclers) and Others, National Book Trust, New Delhi. A compilation of foreigners’ reports relying heavily on Sewell.

Fritz, John M. and George Michell, editors, 2001, New Light on Hampi, Recent Research at Vijayanagara, Marg Publications, Mumbai. A review of twenty years of investigation at the site by twelve scholars, including recommendations for responsible management of the site.
Fritz, John M. and George Michell, 2014, Hampi, Jaico, Mumbai. Revised edition of an attractively illustrated guidebook treatment of the site, complete with the descriptions of Vijayanagara by the early visitors.

Fritz John M. and George Michell, authors, and Noshir Gobhai, photographer, 2009, Hampi, a Story in Stone, Eminence Designs, Mumbai.

Fritz, John M., George Michell and M. S. Nagaraja Rao, 1984, Where Kings and Gods Meet: The Royal Centre at Vijayanagara, India, University of Arizona Press, Tucson. The most complete description of the buildings and excavated remains of this part of the site.

Gollings, J., John M. Fritz and George Michell, 1991, City of Victory, Vijayanagara: The Medieval Capital of South India, Aperture, New York. Hard to find, but worth it for the wonderful black and white photographs. The most complete general introduction to the site.

Gopal, R., editor, 2010, Life and Achievements of Sri Krishnadevaraya, Directorate of Archaeology and Museums, Mysore. Papers presented at the ‘International Conference on the Life and Achievements of Krishnadevaraya’, held at Hospet, March 2010.

Jackson, William J., 2005, Vijayanagara Voices: Exploring South Indian History and Literature, Ashgate, Burlington, VT. A book aims to convey patterns in history, literature and life in South India in the culture’s own terms.

Kenderdine, S., with contributions by J. Shaw, J. M. Fritz, J. Gollings, G. Michell, et al, 2012, PLACE-Hampi: Inhabiting the Panoramic Imaginary of Vijayanagara, Keher Verlag, Berlin.

Kotraiah, C. T. M. and Anna L. Dallapiccola, 2002, King, Court and Capital: An Anthology of Kannada Literary Sources for the Vijayanagara Period, Manohar, New Delhi. These literary extracts of the period make for lively reading.

Krishnaswami Aiyangar, Sakkottai, editor, 2003, Sources of Vijayanagar History, Reprint [Orig. 1919], New Delhi, Aryan Books International. Compilation of sources available in the early 20th century.

Longhurst, A. H., 1995, Hampi Ruins: Described and Illustrated, reprint, Asian Educational Services, New Delhi. Still a helpful introduction to the site.

Michell, George, 1990, Vijayanagara: Architectural Inventory of the Urban Core, 2 volumes, Directorate of Archaeology and Museums, Mysore. Gives complete descriptions with maps, measured drawings and photographs of this part of the site.

Michell, G., editor, 2008, Vijayanagara, Splendour in Ruins, New Delhi, The Alkazi Collection of Photography, New Delhi and Mapin Publishing, Ahmedabad.

Michell, George and Phillip B. Wagoner, 2002, Vijayanagara: Architectural Inventory of the Sacred Centre, 3 volumes, Manohar, New Delhi. Full descriptions with maps, measured drawings and photographs.

Mitra, Swati, editor, 2003, Hampi, Travel Guide, New Delhi, Eicher Goodearth Ltd.

Morrison, Kathleen B., 2000, Fields of Victory: Vijayanagara and the Course of Intensification, reprint, Munshiram Manoharlal, New Delhi. An analysis of the development of agriculture in the region based on an archaeological survey of the capital’s hinterland.

Nagaraja Rao., M. S., editor, 1979 to 1984, Vijayanagara: Progress of Research, Directorate of Archaeology and Museums, Mysore. A series of reports presenting new discoveries at the site.

Nagaraja Rao., M. S., editor, 1988, Vijayanagara: Through the Eyes of Alexander Greenlaw 1856 and John Gollings, 1983, Directorate of Archaeology and Museums, Mysore. Though poorly reproduced, the matching pairs of old and new photographs are fascinating and instructive.

Nalini Rao, Editor, 2006, Sangama; a Confluence of Art and Culture during the Vijayanagara Period, Originals, Delhi.

Nilakanta Sastri, K. A. and N. Venkataramanayya, editors, 1946, Further Sources of Vijayanagara History, 3 vols, Madras: University of Madras. Compilation of sources with an introduction to Vijayanagara history by Venkataramanayya (vol. 1). .

Patil, Channabasappa S., 1991, Kummata, in Vijayanagara: Progress of Research, 1987-88, D. V. Devaraj and C. S. Patil, editors, pp. 199-216, Directorate of Archaeology and Museums, Government of Karnataka, Mysore.

Patil, Channabasappa, S. and Vinoda C. Patil, 1995, Inscriptions at Vijayanagara (Hampi), Directorate of Archaeology and Museums, Mysore. An indispensable work for any researcher.

Rubies, J.-P., 2000, Travel and Ethnology in the Renaissance: South India through European Eyes, 1250-1625, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. A fresh look at the European accounts of the Vijayanagara site and empire.

Satyan, T. S., photographer and S. Srinivasachar, author, 1995, Hampi: The Fabled Capital of the Vijayanagara Empire, Directorate of Archaeology and Museums, Mysore. Monuments, museum displays and daily life lavishly illustrated.

Sen Gupta, Subhadra, author and Clare Arni, photographer, 2012, Hampi: Discover the Splendours of Vijayanagar, Niyogi Books, New Delhi. A popular evocation of Hampi’s history and remains, with splendid photographs.

Settar, S. [1990], Hampi: A Medieval Metropolis, Kala Yatra, Bangalore. An introduction to the site emphasizing contemporary literary sources.
Sewell, Robert, 2000, A Forgotten Empire (Vijayanagar): A Contribution to the History of India, reprint, Asian Educational Services, New Delhi. The classic history of Vijayanagara, together with the Portuguese chronicles.

Sinopoli, Carla M., and Kathleen D. Morrison, 2007, The Vijayanagara Metropolitan Survey, Vol. I., Memoirs 41, University of Michigan, Museum of Anthropology, Ann Arbor.

Sinopoli, Carla M., Kathleen D Morrison, and R. Gopal, 2008, Late Prehistoric and Early Historic South India: Recent Research along the Tungabhadra River, Karnataka, Antiquity 82(317).

Stein, Burton, 1989, The New Cambridge History of India I.1, Vijayanagara, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Gives the historical background for the site and empire.
Verghese, Anila, 1995, Religious Traditions at Vijayanagara: As Revealed Through Its Monuments, Manohar, New Delhi. Provides an analysis of the history of religious beliefs and practices in Vijayanagara times.
Verghese, Anila, 2000, Archaeology, Art and Religion: New Perspectives on Vijayanagara, Oxford University Press, New Delhi. Research essays on the history and archaeology of the site.

Verghese, Anila, 2002, Monumental Legacy, Hampi, Oxford University Press, New Delhi. Situates the monuments of the site in their historical, artistic and religious contexts.

Verghese, Anila, editor, 2013, Krishnadevaraya and His Time, K.R. Cama Oriental Institute, Mumbai. Papers presented at an international conference, January 2012.

Verghese, Anila and Anna L. Dallapiccola, editors, 2011, South India under Vijayanagara: Art and Archaeology, New Delhi, Oxford University Press. Papers from conference 'South India under Vijayanagara: Recent Research in Art and Archaeology,' Sophia College, Mumbai, January 2008.

Wagoner, Phillip B., 1993, Tidings of the King: A Translation and Ethnohistorical Analysis of the Rayavacakamu, University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu. This late sixteenth-century Telugu text offers insights into life at the capital and into cultural understandings after its fall.

Wagoner, Phillip B., 1996, “Sultan among Hindu Kings: Dress, Titles, and the Islamicization of Hindu Culture at Vijayanagara”, Journal of Asian Studies, 55/4, pp. 851-80. A new approach to the sultanate aspects of life at the capital.

Wagoner, Phillip, 1999 “Fortuitous convergences and essential ambiguities: Transcultural political elites in the medieval Deccan.” International Journal of Hindu Studies (special issue on “Hindu as the ‘Other’ of South Asian Islam”), vol. 3, no. 3: 241-264; reprinted in Surprising Bedfellows: Hindus and Muslims in Medieval and Early Modern India, Sushil Mittal, editor, 2003, Lexington Books, Lanham, MD, pp. 31-54.

Devakunjari, D., Hampi

Hampi-Vijayanagar, The Temple of Vithala












Fritz, John M. and George Michell, Hampi


King, Court and Capital




Architectural Inventory of the Sacred Centre
Fields of Victory

Through the Eyes of Alexander Greenlaw 1856 and John Gollings, 1983

Religious Traditions at Vijayanagara

Monumental Legacy



Last updated February 9, 2014 - ©2014 Vijayanagara Research Project